Local Contexts: Traditional Knowledge Labels

Local Contexts is an initiative to support Native, First Nations, Aboriginal, and Indigenous communities in the management of their intellectual property and cultural heritage specifically within the digital environment. Local Contexts provides legal, extra-legal, and educational strategies for navigating copyright law and the public domain status of this valuable cultural […]

 •   •   •   •   •   •   •   • 

Gone Digital: Aboriginal Remix and the Cultural Commons

Abstract: Recently the commons has become a predominant metaphor for the types of social relationships between people, ideas, and new digital technologies. In IP debates, the commons signifies openness, the exclusion of intermediaries, and remix culture that is creative, innovative, and politically disobedient. This article examines the material and social […]

 •   •   •   •   •   •   •   •   • 

Tribal Archives, Traditional Knowledge, and Local Contexts: Why the “s” Matters

In this article I examine the landscape of tribal or indigenous archival management as it related to digital assets and more specifically how these might help us reimagine the intellectual property needs of local, traditional, and indigenous communities, libraries, archives, and museums as they seek to manage, preserve and reuse […]

 •   •   •   •   •   •   •   • 

Documentation of traditional knowledge (TK) and traditional cultural expressions (TCEs)

Documentation of traditional knowledge (TK) and traditional cultural expressions (TCEs) has attracted increasing attention in recent years from governments and cultural institutions as well as from indigenous peoples and local communities (IPLCs), in parallel with the growing recognition of the cultural and economic value of TK and TCEs. New information […]

 •   •   •   •   •   •   • 

Intellectual Property, Traditional Knowledge and Traditional Cultural Expressions / Folklore: a Guide for Countries in Transition

This guide aims to help countries in transition decide whether and how best to protect traditional knowledge (TK) and traditional cultural expressions (TCEs) held by indigenous peoples and local communities. It describes the intellectual property (IP) concepts involved in protecting TK and TCEs and outlines existing international, regional and national […]

 •   •   •   •   • 

Digital Repatriation and Reciprocal Curation: the Ethics of Circulating Native Knowledge in the Plateau Region

Presented by Kim Christen at The University of Arizona’s Knowledge River Program and at the Arizona Archives Summit, January 2011. About Kim Christen From her website: “I am an Associate Professor and Associate Director of the Digital Technology and Culture program in the Department of English and Director of Digital […]

 •   •   •   •   •   •   • 

Traditional knowledge and the Traditional Knowledge Digital Library: Digital quandaries and other concerns

This article explores issues related to the digitization of traditional knowledge. Using the example of the Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL) in India, it (1) explores the interfaces between the TKDL and the digital, (2) problematizes the relationship between the TKDL, power and digital knowledge, (3) raises issues around traditional […]

 •   •   •   •   • 

Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL)

Since time immemorial, India has possessed a rich traditional knowledge of ways and means practiced to treat diseases afflicting people. This knowledge has generally been passed down by word of mouth from generation to generation. A part of this knowledge has been described in ancient classical and other literature, often […]

 •   •   •   •   •   •   •   • 

Indigenous Knowledge and The Politics of Classification

Indigenous knowledge has come to occupy a privileged position in discussions about how development can best be brought about so that finally, it really is in the interests of the poor and the marginalised. It may be true that contemporary research on and advocacy of indigenous knowledge is founded upon […]

 •   •   •   •   •   • 

After the Return: Digital Repatriation and the Circulation of Indigenous Knowledge

Museum Anthropology Review, Vol 7, No 1-2 (2013) This double issue of Museum Anthropology Review collects papers originally presented at a January 2012 workshop titled “After the Return: Digital Repatriation and the Circulation of Indigenous Knowledge.” Hosted by the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution and funded by the (U.S.) […]

 •   •   •   •   •   • 

Folklore 2.0: Preservation Through Innovation

The very cultural heritage that gives indigenous peoples their identity, now far more than in the past, is under real or potential assault from those who would gather it up, strip away its honored meanings, convert it to a product, and sell it. Each time that happens the heritage itself […]

 •   •   •   •   •   • 

Intellectual Property Issues in Cultural Heritage (IPinCH) Project

The Intellectual Property Issues in Cultural Heritage (IPinCH) Project is an international, multidisciplinary research project examining intellectual property (IP)-related issues that are emerging within the realm of heritage, especially those affecting Indigenous peoples. These include complex and often difficult questions about who has rights to and responsibilities relating to use […]

 •   •   •   • 

Intellectual Property and Human Development: Current Trends and Future Scenarios

Prepared by PIIPA’s global team of IP professionals and partners in human development, this book examines the social impact of intellectual  property laws as they relate to health, food security, education, new technologies, preservation of bio-cultural heritage, and contemporary challenges in promoting the arts. It explores how intellectual property frameworks could […]

 •   •   •   • 

Intellectual Property and Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and Traditional Cultural Expressions

The objective of this booklet is to offer general and basic information on the interface between intellectual property (IP) and traditional knowledge (TK), traditional cultural expressions (TCEs), and genetic resources (GRs). It briefly addresses the most important questions that arise when considering the role that IP principles and systems can […]

 •   •   •   •   •   • 

Intellectual Property Needs and Expectations of Traditional Knowledge Holders

This Report presents information compiled by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) from nine fact-finding missions conducted by WIPO in 1998 and 1999 on the intellectual property (IP) needs and expectations of holders of traditional knowledge (TK). The fact-finding missions (the FFMs) were designed to enable WIPO to identify, as […]

 •   •   •   •   • 

Intellectual Property Watch: Traditional and Indigenous Knowledge

Mission Intellectual Property Watch, a non-profit independent news service, reports on the interests and behind-the-scenes dynamics that influence the design and implementation of international intellectual property policies. Reporting Services Intellectual Property Watch’s reporting is available in online format: Online (ISSN 1661-7355): news stories and features are regularly posted in a […]

 •   •   • 

Indigenous Knowledge and Intellectual Property Rights

Wend Wendland, World Intellectual Property Organization, delves into the issues of traditional knowledge, looking at where the rights lie, and the treaties emerging to protect them.

 •   •   • 

Indigenous Knowledge Systems and Intellectual Property Rights: an Enabling Tool for Development with Identity

This paper deals with a subset of indigenous knowledge systems called ethnobotanical knowledge. It reports some creative ways in which documentation of ethnobotanical knowledge can be carried out without losing community ownership over intellectual property rights. It also presents the general findings of the documentation, current and future uses of […]

 •   •   •   •   • 

ICTs and the spread of indigenous knowledge

At first glance, the relationship between indigenous knowledge and the Internet seems fraught. Indigenous knowledge provides a distinct set of beliefs, practices and representations avidly tied to place; the internet lauds itself for erasing boundaries and borders. On one hand, the traditions encapsulated in indigenous knowledge are culturally unique, using […]

 •   •   •   •   • 

Indigenous / Traditional Knowledge & Intellectual Property

The paper is available as a PDF download or an indexed HTML version. The relationship between indigenous/traditional knowledge and intellectual property law is a complicated contemporary legal problem. Questions around indigenous knowledge protection present issues unlike any other that intellectual property law has had to consider. Indigenous peoples’ concerns include […]

 •   •   •   • 

WIPO Traditional Knowledge Documentation Toolkit

A wide range of tools and proposals have been developed over the past decade or so to protect traditional knowledge (TK) and traditional cultural expressions (TCEs) (including using classical IP systems, developing sui generis legislation, applying defensive protection instruments, among others). Special attention has been given to documentation and the […]

 •   •   •   •   •   • 

World Intellectual Property Organization: Traditional Knowledge

The term “traditional knowledge” is used here as shorthand for the entire field of traditional knowledge, genetic resources and traditional cultural expressions. Negotiations are currently underway in the WIPO Intergovernmental Committee on Intellectual Property and Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and Folklore towards the development of an international legal instrument or […]

 •   •   •   •   • 

Traditional Cultural Expressions – Existing Codes, Guidelines and Practices

Traditional cultural expressions (TCEs), also called “expressions of folklore”, may include music, dance, art, designs, names, signs and symbols, performances, ceremonies, architectural forms, handicrafts and narratives, or many other artistic or cultural expressions. Traditional cultural expressions: May be considered as the forms in which traditional culture is expressed; Form part […]

 •   •   •   •   • 

ICT4D Bibliography at ICTlogy.net

This is a gathering of literature on subjects related to the impact of Information and Communication Technologies in the society, especially in development curated by Ismael Peña-López. Thus, you’ll find readings about the Information Society, the Digital Divide, e-Readiness or Digital Literacy, as core themes, and the Digital Economy, e-Learning, […]

 •   •   •   •   •   •   •   •   •   •   •   • 

Rights Markup Extensions for the Protection of Indigenous Knowledge

Indigenous cultures have experienced a renaissance over the past 5-10 years as indigenous communities have recognized the importance of documenting and sharing their cultural heritage and history. This has coincided with the explosion of the internet and the widespread application of multimedia technologies to the construction of large online cultural […]

 •   •   •   •   •   •   •